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January 2008 - Posts

President Al-Bashir participates in mini African summit in Tripoli

Tripoli, Jan. 27 (SUNA) - President of the Republic Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir participated in the mini African summit, which was convened in the Libyan capital of Tripoli Sunday with the participation of Libyan Leader Moammer Al-Gaddafi and the Presidents of Egypt, Senegal, Gabon, Eritrea, Mauritania, and Chad. SUNA learnt that the summit reviewed a number of issues of the African continent that included the proposal of establishment of the Government of the African Union and the African Common Market and deliberated on conflicts in some African countries, where the presidents agreed to present unified proposals on the agenda of the African Summit, scheduled for the end of current January in Addis Ababa. Sudan affirmed during the deliberations of the mini-African summit its commitment to all agreements signed with the neighbouring countries, stressing the importance of settlement of disputes among countries through dialogue and adherence to good neigbourliness relations. The delegation accompanying the President of the Republic included Assistant of the President Dr. Nafie Ali Nafi, Presidency Minister Gen. Bakri Hassan Salih, Presidential Adviser Dr. Mustafa Osman Ismail, Director of Security and Intelligence Organ Gen. Salah Abdallah and State Minister at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Al-Samani Al-Wasilah. BT/BT

Sudan Government, UN and African Union Reviews Ways to Complete Hybrid Operation

Addis Ababa, Jan. 27 (SUNA) - A technical consultative meeting was held Sunday in Addis Ababa between Sudan Government, the United Nations and the African Union and discussed ways to complete elements of the hybrid operation in Darfur and required arrangements for implementation of the operation in the fixed time. The delegations of the three parties were headed by the Undersecretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Dr. Mutrif Siddiq, the U.N. Undersecretary General for Peacekeeping, Jean-Marie Guehenno, and the Commissioner of the African Union's Peace and Security Council, Saeed Djinnit. The meeting was attended by the UN-AU Joint Special Representative for Darfur, Rodolphe Adada, and the UNAMID Force Commander, General Martin Luther Agwai. In a press statement to SUNA, Sudan Envoy to the United Nations, Ambassador Abdul-Mahmoud Abdul-Halim, said that the meeting appreciated the cooperation shown by Sudan government and the states' authorities in Darfur concerning the implementation of the hybrid operation. He said that the meeting got informed on the implementation of the hybrid operation and the efforts done till now for its success. Ambassador Abdul-Halim said that the tripartite consultative meeting also reviewed pending issues pertinent to the bases for existence of the hybrid operation troops in the Sudanese territories and the operation's action plan. He said that the meeting between the President of the Republic, Field Marshal Omer Al-Bashir, and the UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon, on the sidelines of the coming African Summit in Addis Ababa would discuss in detail the issue of the hybrid operation and other tracks on Darfur issue, such as the political track which includes the political negotiations and the efforts of the UN and the African Union in this regard, the track of peace-keeping and deployment of troops, the track of Sudan efforts of Sudan government to convey humanitarian aid to the needy citizens and the fourth track of rehabilitation and development. On a shortage in helicopter planes and transport for the hybrid operation, Ambassador Abdul-Halim said that this issue concerns the United Nations and the international community and poses a hindrance to complete the hybrid operation. He renewed Sudan commitment to fulfill all its obligations for completion of the hybrid operation. He indicated that the coming summit of the African Union will be decisive on a number of pending issues and files in its agenda. Ambassador Abdul-Halim pointed out that Sudan will work through its participation in the coming African summit to boost the old initiatives to realize peace and political and economic progress and to complete implementation of development programmes. He said that the African summit provides an important opportunity for Sudan to conduct consultation with the United Nations and the African Union toward supporting the trend for political solution for Darfur issue. He stated that Sudan was able to accomplish several tasks within a short period, despite the accusation of shortcoming on its part that was raised by some circles. Ambassador Abdul-Halim said that Sudan has put all issues on the right track through its dealing with the African Union and the international community and its keenness to implement decisions and the signed agreements of south Sudan and Darfur region. MO/MO

International Conference on Guantanamo Prison concludes session

Khartoum, Jan. 27 (SUNA) - An International conference on Guantanamo Prison, organized by the International Civil Aid Organization in the period of 26-27 January in Khartoum under the motto "Law of power, not power of law" amid wide international participation, Sunday concluded its session. At the end of the conference, the participants called for intensification of international pressures on the United States of America to close Guantanamo Prison and to set free all the detainees or to give them an opportunity for fair trial as well as compensating them over the injustice inflicted upon them. The conferees further called for creation of an appropriate mechanism to coordinate the efforts of the rights organizations as well as intensifying the efforts of the lawyers. The conference further called for discussion of the rights of the detainees in the International Law and the American Laws in order to use them in releasing the detainees. The conference discussed a number of working papers, including rights of the detainees in the international Law and US Constitution presented by Dr. Ahmed Al-Mufti, the Director of Khartoum International Centre for Human Rights, as well as the role of the NGOs and the international lawyers in increasing the awareness with regard to the issue of Guantanamo Prison. MF/ BT

Minister of Energy and Mining receives Chinese agricultural delegation

Khartoum, Jan. 27 (SUNA) - Minister of Energy and Mining Dr. Awad Al Jaz has received visiting Chinese agricultural delegation in the presence of Khartoum State Wali (Governor) Dr. Abdel-Halim Al-Mutafi, China Ambassador to Sudan and Ministry of Agriculture Undersecretary. Dr Al Jaz hoped that China would play greater role to promote agriculture in Sudan and expressed thanks to the Chinese President for establishing a centre in charge of agricultural development in Sudan. There are a lot investment opportunities in Sudan, said Khartoum State Wali, pointing to Sundus Agricultural Project. AH/BT

Khartoum and Gezira States Hold Twinship Meeting in Urban Planning Field

Khartoum, Jan. 27 (SUNA) - The second joint meeting between Ministries of Urban Planning in Khartoum and Gezira State was held Sunday morning at the premises of Ministry of Urban Planning and Public utilities in Gezira State as part of the twinship between the two states. The Director General of the Ministry of Urban Planning in Khartoum State, Engineer Imad Fadl Al-Marji explained that the meeting dealt with issues that were approved as basis for twinship in the first meeting. Engineer Al-Marji said that the two states are completing to each other in many activities being undertaken in the field of roads, bridges, urban development and the optimal distribution of planning functions. He also explained that the issues of training and exchange of experience represent a priority and a solid basis for joint work between the two states. MK/MO

Egypt 3-0 Sudan

Hosny Abd Rabou
Hosny won and converted a penalty to give Egypt the lead
Egypt remained in control of Group C with a comfortable victory over Sudan.

The first goal of a rather uninspiring contest was Hosni Abd Rabou's well-taken penalty on 29 minutes.

The match was livened up by two late goals from Mohamed Aboutrika, the first from close range, the second a clever strike from a tight angle.

Sudan showed strength but were let down by poor finishing and have only a slim mathematical chance of progressing beyond the group stage.

Egypt may have begun their opening game against Cameroon at a dazzling pace, but this time they took longer to assert themselves.

In the first half, the Sudan midfield managed to contain Mohamed Zidan, the star of Egypt's 4-2 victory in the opening game against Cameroon.

Haytham Tambal had Egypt goalkeeper Essam Al-Hadary diving to his right to stop a shot in the fourth minute.

Soon after, at the other end, Egypt were denied a penalty when Ritshard Lado handled, an incident missed by the referee.


Sudan captain Haitham Mustafa had a long-distance shot spilled by Al-Hadary midway through the first half.

The opener came on 29 minutes, after Sudan goalkeeper Elmuez Mugoub brought down Hosny Abd Rabou in the penalty area.

Abd Rabou sent Mughoub the wrong way with his spot-kick.

Egypt began the second half in search of a second goal, but Sudan fought hard and began to create chances of their own, but the Nile Crocodiles' finishing was their weak link.

But in the 55th minute the Pharaohs nearly struck when Zidan chested down and whipped in a volley that fully tested Mughoub.

Egypt then brought on captain Ahmed Hassan and Mohamed Aboutrika, and the two key players helped to take control of the game.

Aboutrika put Egypt 2-0 ahead on 78 minutes, finishing a three-man move that sliced through the Sudanese defence.

Amr Zaki passed to Aboutrika inside the penalty area, his first attempt was blocked, but the second hit the target.

Aboutrika then showed why he is known as "the Magician" with a delightful goal.

Abd Rabou sent Aboutrika on a run down the left into the box, and he deceived Mughoub into diving to the wrong post as he slotted home from a narrow angle.

Egypt need a draw in their final game against Zambia to be certain of a place in the quarter-finals.

Sudan can progress only if they beat Cameroon and Zambia lose to Egypt, a situation that would see head-to-head record and goal difference come into play.

Egypt: El Hadari, Fathallah (Hassan 56), Hany Said, Fathi, Moawad, Gomaa, Abd Rabou, Shawky, Zidan (Aboutriaka 56), Moteab, Zaki (El Mohamady 80).
Subs Not Used: Abdel Monssef, El Saeed, Fadl, Gamal, Mohamed, Mostafa, Ibrahim Said, Shaaban, Sobhy.

Booked: Fathallah, Zaki, Aboutriaka.

Goals: Abd Rabou 29 pen, Aboutriaka 78, 83.

Sudan: Elmuiz Abdalla, El Tayeb, Ali Elkhidir, Eldin Ahmed Gibril (Ali Idris Farah 47), Kuku, Yousif Hado, Lado, Karar, Bader Eldin Abdalla, Kamal Tambal (Hameed Amari 60), Babiker (Agab Sido 81).
Subs Not Used: Ahmed, Bakhit, El Basha Adam, El Bashir, El Hadi Salem, Hassan Ali, Hassan, Mohamed Abdalla, Tahir Osman.

Booked: Ali Elkhidir, Elmuiz Abdalla, Eldin Ahmed Gibril, Ali Idris Farah.

Ref: Codja Koffi (Sudan)

Sudan : Chronology of key events

A chronology of key events:

1881 - Revolt against the Turco-Egyptian administration.

Mosque at sunset, Khartoum
Khartoum: Capital is part of a major metropolitan area

1899-1955 Sudan is under joint British-Egyptian rule.

1956 - Sudan becomes independent.

1958 - General Abbud leads military coup against the civilian government elected earlier in the year

1962 - Civil war begins in the south, led by the Anya Nya movement.

1964 - The "October Revolution" overthrows Abbud and a national government is established

1969 - Jafar Numayri leads the "May Revolution" military coup.

1971 - Sudanese Communist Party leaders executed after short-lived coup against Numayri

South gets autonomy

1972 - Under the Addis Ababa peace agreement between the government and the Anya Nya the south becomes a self-governing region.

1978 - Oil discovered in Bentiu in southern Sudan.

1983 - Civil war breaks out again in the south involving government forces and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM), led by John Garang.

Islamic law imposed

1983 - President Numayri declares the introduction of Sharia (Islamic law).

1985 - After widespread popular unrest Numayri is deposed by a group of officers and a Transitional Military Council is set up to rule the country.

SPLA rebels drill
Civil war pitted Muslim north against Christian, animist south

1986 - Coalition government formed after general elections, with Sadiq al-Mahdi as prime minister.

1988 - Coalition partner the Democratic Unionist Party drafts cease-fire agreement with the SPLM, but it is not implemented.

1989 - National Salvation Revolution takes over in military coup.

1993 - Revolution Command Council dissolved after Omar al-Bashir is appointed president.

US strike

1995 - Egyptian President Mubarak accuses Sudan of being involved in attempt to assassinate him in Addis Ababa.

1998 - US launches missile attack on a pharmaceutical plant in Khartoum, alleging that it was making materials for chemical weapons.

1998 - New constitution endorsed by over 96% of voters in referendum.

1999 - President Bashir dissolves the National Assembly and declares a state of emergency following a power struggle with parliamentary speaker, Hassan al-Turabi.

Advent of oil

1999 - Sudan begins to export oil.

2000 September - Governor of Khartoum issues decree barring women from working in public places.

Shifa plant in Khartoum; US alleged that it was making materials for chemical weapons
A US missile targeted a Khartoum pharmaceutical plant in 1998
2000 September - President Bashir meets for the first time ever leaders of opposition National Democratic Alliance in the Eritrean capital, Asmara.

2000 December - Bashir re-elected for another five years in elections boycotted by main opposition parties.

2001 February - Islamist leader Hassan al-Turabi arrested a day after his party, the Popular National Congress, signed a memorandum of understanding with the southern rebel Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA).

Food shortages

2001 March - UN's World Food Programme struggles to raise funds to feed 3 million facing famine.

2001 April - SPLA rebels threaten to attack international oil workers brought in to help exploit vast new oil reserves. Government troops accused of trying to drive civilians and rebels from oilfields.

2001 April-May - Police continue arrests of members of Turabi's Popular National Congress party (PNC).

2001 25 May - Police use tear gas to disperse thousands of demonstrators at funeral of Ali Ahmed El-Bashir from opposition Islamist Popular National Congress party, who died from wounds sustained while being arrested.

Peace plan

2001 June - Failure of Nairobi peace talks attended by President al-Bashir and rebel leader John Garang.

Mother cooks meal in village 900 km south of Khartoum
Civilians in the south's former conflict zone crave lasting peace
2001 July - Government says it accepts a Libyan/Egyptian initiative to end the civil war. The plan includes a national reconciliation conference and reforms.

2001 September - UN lifts largely symbolic sanctions against Sudan. They were imposed in 1996 over accusations that Sudan harboured suspects who attempted to kill Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak.

2001 October - US President Bush names Senator John Danforth as special envoy to tackle Sudanese conflict.

2001 November - US extends unilateral sanctions against Sudan for another year, citing its record on terrorism and rights violations.

2001 December - More than 14,500 slaves - mainly blacks from the south - are said freed over past six months following campaigning by rights activists.

Ceasefire deal

2002 January - SPLA joins forces with rival militia group, Sudan People's Defence Force, to pool resources in campaign against government in Khartoum.

Sudanese vice-president Ali Osman Taha (L) and Sudan People Liberation Army (SPLA) leader John Garang
Eight-year peace process ended with deal to end conflict in south


Government and SPLA sign landmark ceasefire agreement providing for six-month renewable ceasefire in central Nuba Mountains - a key rebel stronghold.

2002 20 July - After talks in Kenya, government and SPLA sign Machakos Protocol on ending 19-year civil war. Government accepts right of south to seek self-determination after six-year interim period. Southern rebels accept application of Shariah law in north.

2002 27 July - President al-Bashir and SPLA leader John Garang meet face-to-face for the first time, through the mediation of Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni.

2002 October - Government and SPLA agree to ceasefire for duration of negotiations. Despite this, hostilities continue.

Peace in south inches closer

2002 November - Negotiations stall over allocation of government and civil service posts, but both sides agree to observe ceasefire.

2003 February - Rebels in western region of Darfur rise up against government, claiming the region is being neglected by Khartoum.

2003 October - PNC leader Turabi released after nearly three years in detention and ban on his party is lifted.

Uprising in west

Refugees from western Sudanese region of Darfur, 2004
Darfur: Conflict has killed tens of thousands, displaced millions

2004 January - Army moves to quell rebel uprising in western region of Darfur; hundreds of thousands of refugees flee to neighbouring Chad.

2004 March - UN official says pro-government Arab "Janjaweed" militias are carrying out systematic killings of African villagers in Darfur.

Army officers and opposition politicians, including Islamist leader Hassan al-Turabi, are detained over an alleged coup plot.

2004 May - Government and southern rebels agree on power-sharing protocols as part of a peace deal to end their long-running conflict. The deal follows earlier breakthroughs on the division of oil and non-oil wealth.

2004 September - UN says Sudan has not met targets for disarming pro-government Darfur militias and must accept outside help to protect civilians. US Secretary of State Colin Powell describes Darfur killings as genocide.

Government says it has foiled a coup plot by supporters of Islamist leader Hassan al-Turabi.

Peace agreement

2005 January - Government and southern rebels sign a peace deal. The agreement includes a permanent ceasefire and accords on wealth and power sharing.

Former southern rebel leader John Garang
Ex-rebel John Garang's time in government was cut short


UN report accuses the government and militias of systematic abuses in Darfur, but stops short of calling the violence genocide.

2005 March - UN Security Council authorises sanctions against those who violate ceasefire in Darfur. Council also votes to refer those accused of war crimes in Darfur to International Criminal Court.

2005 April - International donors pledge $4.5bn (£2.38bn) in recovery aid for southern Sudan.

2005 June - Government and exiled opposition grouping - National Democratic Alliance (NDA) - sign reconciliation deal allowing NDA into power-sharing administration.

President frees Islamist leader Hassan al-Turabi, who was detained in 2004 over an alleged coup plot.

Southern autonomy

2005 9 July - Former southern rebel leader John Garang is sworn in as first vice president. A constitution which gives a large degree of autonomy to the south is signed.

2005 1 August - Vice president and former rebel leader John Garang is killed in a plane crash. He is succeeded by Salva Kiir. Garang's death sparks deadly clashes in the capital between southern Sudanese and northern Arabs.

2005 September - Power-sharing government is formed in Khartoum.

2005 October - Autonomous government is formed in the south, in line with the January 2005 peace deal. The administration is dominated by former rebels.

Darfur conflict

2006 May - Khartoum government and the main rebel faction in Darfur, the Sudan Liberation Movement, sign a peace accord. Two smaller rebel groups reject the deal. Fighting continues.

2006 August - Sudan rejects a UN resolution calling for a UN peacekeeping force in Darfur, saying it would compromise sovereignty.

2006 October - Jan Pronk, the UN's top official in Sudan, is expelled.

African Union soldier in Darfur, 2006
African Union has struggled to contain Darfur violence

2006 November - African Union extends mandate of its peacekeeping force in Darfur for six months.

Hundreds are thought to have died in the heaviest fighting between northern Sudanese forces and their former southern rebel foes since they signed a peace deal last year. Fighting is centred on the southern town of Malakal.

2007 April - Sudan says it will accept a partial UN troop deployment to reinforce African Union peacekeepers in Darfur, but not a full 20,000-strong force.

2007 May - International Criminal Court issues arrest warrants for a minister and a janjaweed militia leader suspected of Darfur war crimes.

US President George W Bush announces fresh sanctions against Sudan.

2007 July - UN Security Council approves a resolution authorising a 26,000-strong force for Darfur. Sudan says it will co-operate with the United Nations-African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID).

2007 August-September - The worst floods for decades leave more than 250,000 people homeless.

2007 September - UN talks on the composition of a Darfur peacekeeping force end without agreement.

2007 October - SPLM temporarily suspends participation in national unity government, accusing Khartoum of failing to honour the 2005 peace deal.

2007 November - A British teacher is sentenced to 15 days in jail for insulting religion after allowing students to name a teddy bear Mohammed. Demonstrators call for her to be shot. She is freed after a presidential pardon.

2007 December - SPLM resumes participation in national unity government.

2008 January - UN takes over Darfur peace force.

Within days Sudan apologises after its troops fired on a convoy of Unamid, the African Union-UN hybrid mission.

Government planes bomb rebel positions in West Darfur, turning some areas into no-go zones for aid workers.

Sudan players involved in fracas
Sudan coach Mohamed Abdallah
Abdallah claims the Egyptian media have been disrespectful to his team
Sudan players were embroiled in a fracas with an Egyptian TV crew on Friday, just 24 hours before their Group-C clash with Egypt.

The incident took place at the Sudanese team hotel in Kumasi when the Egyptian crew claimed Sudanese players refused to grant an interview.

Security guards and police were called to calm down the situation but one policeman was reported to draw a gun.

No Egyptian players or officials were involved in the incident.

But the crew said they would be reporting events to Ghana police, who have questioned Sudanese officials asking for a full explanation of what happened.

One of the police officers held his gun in the air in attempt to quell the trouble

BBC Sport's Richard Connolly

The fracas was witnessed by BBC Sport's Richard Connolly who said: "Two journalists were arguing with Sudanese officials before the Sudan players arrived and waded in.

"The journalists were pushed into the forecourt and a fight broke out with two players attacking the reporter.

"Several players manhandled the cameraman before they were eventually ushered into the hotel and doors were shut.

"The rumpus continued outside where hotel security and a number of Ghana police became involved with one of the police officers holding his gun in the air in attempt to quell the trouble. But it seemed to make matters worse.

"It was only when the team bus departed for training three or four minutes later that things became calm."

Adham El-Kamouny, presenter for TV1 in Egypt told BBC Sport: "It was very ugly.

They should have just been more calm. We are really mad now.

Egyptian journalist Adham El-Kamouny

"We tried to interview the team but they refused so we asked them if they could just say those words so that the Egyptian people knew they had refused an interview.

"Suddenly people from the Sudanese football federation went nuts start cursing, throwing punches, broke our camera assaulted me and my director, five or six players started hitting my director in a very ugly way.

"We will definitely go to the police, make a complaint to the Conferderation of African football (Caf) and everything will be reported.

"We are brothers. This incident won't affect things. We have the Nile in between us. They should have just been more calm. We are really mad now."

Explaining the ill-feeling between the two parties, Sudan coach Mohamed Abdallah claims the Egyptian media had been saying "bad things" about his team.

He also suggested that the Africa Cup of Nations would be a success for his team were they to beat Egypt on Saturday but go out of the competition.

Sudan lost their opening group game against Zambia, while reigning champions Egypt beat Cameroon 4-2.

Uganda's LRA confirm Otti death

Vincent Otti
There has been speculation over Mr Otti's fate since November 2007
The second in command of the Ugandan Lord's Resistance Army rebels, Vincent Otti, is dead, south Sudan's deputy leader Riak Machar has confirmed.

"I was officially informed by [LRA leader] Joseph Kony that Vincent Otti is dead," said Mr Machar, who is mediating peace talks in south Sudan.

He broke the news after meeting members of LRA negotiating team, following their return to the talks venue.

The LRA had previously insisted Mr Otti was alive and under house arrest.


Mr Machar, who has been mediating the peace talks in the southern Sudanese capital, Juba, since they began in July 2006, said he was told of Mr Otti's death by a special envoy sent by Mr Kony.

They did not tell me whether he was killed or he died of disease
Riak Machar
South Sudan's vice-president


"The word used was that Mr Vincent Otti is absent. And when I asked if "absent" was dead, they said yes," Mr Machar told the BBC's Focus on Africa programme.

"They did not tell me whether he was killed or he died of disease," he said.

His statement is the first authoritative confirmation of deputy LRA leader's death, which Mr Machar said probably occurred on the 3 November.

Late last year, Mr Kony said Mr Otti was under arrest for being a government spy.

But a diplomatic briefing, based on witness testimony, alleged Mr Otti was executed by fellow officers on Mr Kony's orders.

New team

Mr Machar also confirmed that the LRA has changed its negotiating team, with David Masonga taking over from Martin Ojul as the team leader.


Mr Masonga told the BBC that the previous delegation was dragging its feet and not making progress towards a peace settlement, expected by March.

Mr Machar also said that the LRA has given an assurance that they are ready to resume talks as early as next Monday with the Ugandan government.

Mr Otti was one of four other LRA commanders wanted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) for war crimes committed during their 20-year insurgency.

Mr Kony, who is one of those indicted, is in hiding in the remote north-east of the Democratic Republic of Congo.

The LRA were notorious for mutilating victims and kidnapping children to be fighters, porters and sex slaves.

Sudan 0-3 Zambia

Jacob Mulenga
Mulenga put Zambia 2-0 up early in the second half
Goals early in each half proved decisive for Zambia as they moved to the top of Group C with a comfortable win over Sudan in Kumasi.

A well-struck shot by James Chamanga put Zambia ahead after three minutes before Sudan wasted several good first-half chances to equalise.

Jacob Mulenga headed in Zambia's second goal early in the second half after Clive Hachilensa hit the crossbar.

Felix Katongo wrapped up the victory from close range just before the hour.

Sudan had waited 32 years to play at the Nations Cup, but their hopes of starting with a win were dented when Zambia scored the fastest goal of the tournament so far.

Chamanga played a one-two with Jacob Mulenga outside the box, before powering the ball into the far corner.


The early disappointment failed to dampen Sudan's spirits, and they almost equalised after 12 minutes.

A fierce half-volley by Badreldin El Doud from the edge of the penalty area hit the inside of the post with Zambia goalkeeper Kennedy Mweene well beaten - and the Nile Crocodiles had the upper hand for the rest of the first half.

Their defence was solid, captain Haitham Mustapha dominated the midfield and giant 37-year-old striker Faisal Agab troubled the Chipolopolo back line.

On the half-hour Sudan Alaeldin Ahmed Gibril blazed the ball over the bar with Mweene off his line and the goal gaping.

Sudan paid for their missed opportunities when Zambia scored the game's decisive second goal.

A powerful header by Clive Hachilensa hit the crossbar, and Mulenga nodded the rebound down into the goal.

The game slipped beyond Sudan's reach on 59 minutes when Mahjoub El Moez failed to hold on to Rainford Kalaba's shot and Felix Katongo pushed home from close range.

Mulenga nearly scored his second with six minutes remaining, but was denied by an acrobatic save by El Moez.

Although the match was between two of the tournament's smaller teams, a sizeable crowd watched the game at the Baba Yara Stadium in the Northern city of Kumasi.

It was in stark contrast to Monday's Group A match between Morocco and Namibia in Accra, which was played in a near-empty stadium.

Sudan: Elmuiz Abdalla, Bakhit, Ali Elkhidir, Eldin Ahmed Gibril, Lado, Karar, El Bashir (Ali Idris Farah 80), Bader Eldin Abdalla, Ahmed (Yousif Hado 24), Kamal Tambal, Agab Sido (Babiker 57).
Subs Not Used: El Basha Adam, El Hadi Salem, El Tayeb, Hameed Amari, Hassan Ali, Hassan, Kuku, Mohamed Abdalla, Tahir Osman.

Booked: Bakhit, Bader Eldin Abdalla.

Zambia: Mweene, Nketani, Musonda, Mwanza, Hachilensa, Bakala, Kalaba, Felix Katongo, Jacob Mulenga, Phiri (Mayuka 70), Chamanga (Clifford Mulenga 83).
Subs Not Used: Chinyama, Himonde, Kakonje, Kampamba, Kasonde, Njovu, Poto, Sunzu.

Booked: Mwanza, Felix Katongo.

Goals: Chamanga 2, Jacob Mulenga 51, Felix Katongo 60.

Ref: Badara Diatta (Senegal).

Amnesty presses for Darfur action

UN-AU force commander General Martin Luther Agwai (R)
The Sudanese government has placed restrictions on the force
The human rights group Amnesty International is calling on Sudan to stop obstructing the deployment of international peacekeepers in Darfur.

In a report Amnesty said troops needed to get on the ground as quickly as possible to contain a new surge of violence in refugee camps.

Amnesty also asked the international community to ensure peacekeepers had sufficient resources and staff.

It said the situation in Darfur was potentially explosive.

The group said security was deteriorating, most of the camps for displaced people were awash with weapons, and young Darfuris were increasingly angry and frustrated.

'Displaced in Darfur'

Amnesty said people were living in a protection vacuum, adding that the now defunct African Union force sometimes mounted only one patrol a day.

The report - Displaced in Darfur - called on the Sudanese government to stop blocking the deployment of a United Nations-Africa Union mission so peacekeepers could start to contain the growing levels of violence and insecurity.

The joint operation which took over from the African Union on 31 December is supposed to be 26,000-strong but there are only 9,000 personnel on the ground.

Janjaweed militiaman
The Janjaweed mounted militia are widely feared in Darfur

The Sudanese government has refused to allow non-African troops to join the mission and has made a series of demands that have the effect of hampering operations of the force.

The Amnesty report also accused the government of continuing to carry out attacks, and of giving more weapons to Janjaweed fighters - despite commitments to disarm the militias.

It said that armed groups were still recruiting fighters from the camps, including children, and were taking part in hostilities across the region.

Omar Bakheit - Sudan
Omar Bakheit (left)
Sudanese football is undergoing a renaissance and one of the players at the front of this is the tough-tackling Omar Bakheit (pictured in blue).

Plying his trade with Sudan club side Al Hilal, the 23-year-old defender helped his team become domestic champions and reach the semi-finals of the African Champions League.

He also played a key part in Sudan qualifying for their first Africa Cup of Nations in more than 30 years.

A snappy challenger and a strong presence in the air, Bakheit fills a role not rich in glory but vital for any team success; if Sudan do well Bakheit should catch the eye.

'Janjaweed leader' is Sudan aide
Suspected Janjaweed leader Musa Hilal
Mr Hilal blames the rebels for the deaths in Darfur
The Sudanese authorities have given a senior government position to a man accused of co-ordinating the Janjaweed Arab militia in Darfur.

Federal Affairs Minister Abdel Basit Sabderat said clan leader Musa Hilal had been named as his adviser.

The US State Department and human rights groups say Mr Hilal is a leader of the Janjaweed, which is accused of committing war crimes in Darfur.

He denies the accusations and blames the violence on Darfur rebel groups.

More than 200,000 people have died in Darfur and two-thirds of the surviving population rely on humanitarian assistance.

'Slap in the face'

Human Rights Watch (HRW) has strongly condemned Mr Hilal's appointment.

"Musa Hilal is the poster child for Janjaweed atrocities in Darfur," said HRW's Richard Dicker.


"Rewarding him with a special government post is a slap in the face to Darfur victims and to the UN Security Council," he said, pointing out that Mr Hilal was under a UN travel ban for his role in Darfur.

Mr Hilal, an Arab clan leader, told Reuters news agency he would be based in Khartoum but might have to travel to outlying regions.

He has said he has simply mobilised Arab clans to defend against rebel attacks.

Correspondents say his appointment as a ministerial adviser will be seen as another set-back in the faltering peace process in Darfur, and is likely to increase rebel suspicions about the motivations of the authorities in Khartoum.

The International Criminal Court last year issued an arrest warrant against a junior government minister and another Arab clan leader.

The government has denied backing the Janjaweed.

There have been repeated delays in deploying a joint UN-AU peacekeeping force to Darfur, with accusations that the government is trying to block them.

Only 9,000 troops out of a planned 26,000 are currently in place.

Man arrested for illegally transmitting money to Sudan
SCHENECTADY, N.Y. -- State police said a three-year joint investigation among state and federal agencies has led to the arrest of a Schenectady man accused of illegally transferring more than $1 million to Africa.

Authorities said Osman Osman, 52, of Elm Street in Schenectady is facing charges of enterprise corruption and unlicensed money transmitter.

Officials said Osman secretly moved more than $1.2 million to Sudan over a 21-month period. He is being held in Albany County Jail on $100,000 bail.

Authorities said there's no indication that terrorism is linked to this case, however state police request that anyone with any information regarding suspicious activity including the illicit movement of funds to other countries contact the New York State Terrorism Hotline at 1-866-SAFE NYS.

SUNA Forum to host Sudan Workers Trade Unions

Khartoum, Jan. 11 (SUNA) - The regular press forum of Sudan News Agency (SUNA) is to host at 12:00 noon Saturday the Sudan Workers Trade Unions Federation (SWTUF) on the activities of the presidency meeting of the world trade unions federation in solidarity with the African workers. BT/BT

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