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January 2010 - Posts

Names of Candidates to be Published Saturday

Khartoum, Jan. 29 (SUNA) - The National Election Commission will begin Saturday publishing the names of the candidates for the executive and legislative positions


In a statement to SUNA, the Information Advisor of the National Election Commission, Abu Bakr Waziri, affirmed that the commission is committed to the timetable that it has declared for the elections


He said that the commission, South Sudan Election Committee and the higher election committees in the state will begin as of Saturday publishing of the names of the nominees who met the required conditions included in the Elections Act for the positions of the president of the Republic, the president of the government of south Sudan, the Walis (governors) of the states, the National Assembly and the legislative assemblies in the states


Waziri said that the law gives three days for presenting appeals against the declared nominations


Carter to Visit Sudan in the First Week of next February

Khartoum, Jan. 29 (SUNA)- The former US president, Jimmy Carter, is due to visit Sudan during February 8 - 12, heading a delegation of Carter Centre, to be informed on the election process and implementation of health projects being implemented by Carter Centre. Deputy Director of the American Administration at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ambassador Tariq Abu-Salih, said that the visit of president Carter coincides with developments taking place in the country, represented in the general elections at all levels. Carter is due to meet during his visit to Sudan with the President of the Republic, the First Vice - President, Chairman of the National Election Commission (NEC) and leaders of the political parties. Ambassador Abu-Salih indicated that Carter would discuss with the federal Minister of Health the role of Carter Centre, in coordination with the Ministry of Health, for eradication of Guinea worm disease in south Sudan and ways to speed up the efforts in this regard according with the international plan for eradicate this disease. He said that Carter and the federal Minister of Health would also review implementation of Carter Centre's programme for combating the river blindness disease in south Sudan.

South Sudan regrets parliamentary delay in 2010 budget

January 28, 2010 (KHARTOUM) — The regional government of South Sudan has regretted parliamentary delays in deliberations required for passage of the 2010 budget.

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Southern Sudan Legislative Assembly (Photoc SSLA)

These delays are blamed on none other than preparations for the upcoming national elections scheduled to place in April of this year.

"We are past parliamentary schedules for deliberations needed to pass this 2010 budget because, most of members are still out in their constituencies preparing for the upcoming elections," said Peter Bashir Bandi, chairperson of the specialized committee for information at the chamber.

Because of being far behind schedules, the house of representatives during its meeting on Monday 25, resolved to send an urgent message summoning return of the members of parliament to deliberate on the 2010 fiscal budget in its second reading, he adds.

The MP who heads specialized committee for information, youth and culture, Peter Bandi, in a press conference held in Juba, on Tuesday 26, emphasized that the legislators’ engagement in the preparation for upcoming elections has profound effects in the deliberations.

"The house is empty," he said adding that one hardly finds those members known for positive contributions in the assembly. He categorically attributed delay in the endorsement of this year’s budget to lack of full quorum in the assembly.

The Southern Sudan Legislative Assembly made a call requesting return of its members as the national elections commission ends its deadline for submission of nominations of aspiring candidates in the upcoming elections. The commission release revealed that 7,000 applications for over 1,600 executive and legislative seats at all levels.

The elections are expected to face stiff competitions as members of various political parties including independent members from within parties such as SPLM have expressed dissatisfactions with nomination procedures making it possible for them to contest elections independently.

Sudan Infrastructure Services awards four state and urban roads contracts

January 29, 2009 (JUBA) — Four new State and Urban Roads construction and rehabilitation projects were awarded by the Sudan Infrastructure Services Program across four states, Warrap, Northern Bahr El Ghazel, Western Bahr El Ghazel, and Lakes.

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Signing of contracts (by R. Ruati)

The State and urban roads contracts amount to over $320,000 supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) through its funding to the south Sudan Infrastructure Services Project (SISP), being implemented and supervised by the Louis Berger Group, Inc. as training contracts to build up the contracting industry in south Sudan.

Giving the breakdown of the contracts during an interactive session for the contracts at the LBG office in Juba Wednesday, LBG Site Engineer, Eng Babu Emmnauel Kwori, disclosed that “the State and urban road contracts are in four categories cutting across four states of the autonomous south Southern Sudan Region.”

These, according to him, include the 10 km section along Kwajok-Wau road for the total strengthening of the existing State awarded to Warrap Women Centre Company at the rate of $80,000 American dollars, rehabilitation of Aweil town urban road 10 km in Northern Bahr El Ghazal State awarded to Geerdit Sons & Daughters at rate of $80,000.

Others include the rehabilitation of the Wau Urban road 10 km in Western Bahr El Ghazel state contracted to Teng Teng Transporters and Contractors at the rate of $80,000 and rehabilitation of Rumbek Urban Road 10 km in Lakes States awarded to Pashong for Investment for $80,000.

This is the first training contracts awarded to these states for Labor-based Local Contractors, this year. Many more are to follow.


According to Eng Babu, “The contracts have been signed and the actual work will soon commence once the first allocation of payment is made to the local contractors.”

The Local Contractors were trained last year in Kisi Kenya, with funding from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). This first contract serves as the first on-job training contract for the states Local contractors.

As a consequence for the 22 year civil war which devastated southern Sudan; roads and bridges were gravely destroyed, leaving road communications dilapidated in the region.

Peter Bull is Managing Director (MD) of Pashong for Investment; he says “Idea am more than happy to be part of the economic growth of Southern Sudan, and ready to do the work.”

Ring Kom – MD for Geerdit Sons & Daughters echoes the promising statement of his colleagues, he adds that, “it is an excellent opportunity for his company, and he and his colleagues shall endeavor to meet the deadline set forthwith for the signed contracts.

The enormous road construction recovery program these four states is geared towards completion by May 2010.

Sudanese president arrives to Addis Ababa to attend African summit

January 29, 2010 (Khartoum) — President Omer Hassan Al-Bashir, Friday arrived to the Ethiopian Capital, Addis Ababa, where he will attend the 14th African Union summit from January 29 to 31.

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Sudanese President Omer Hassan al-Bashir (AP)

The Summit will take place under the theme of “Information and Communication Technologies in Africa: Challenges and Prospects for Development”. The African leaders are expected to adopt a series of decisions to develop comprehensive policies to increase investment and rapid development of ICT Infrastructure and services.

Besides the AU summit, Al-Bashir will also participate in the other summits which are scheduled to be held on the sidelines of the 14the ordinary meeting, as the 39th Summit of the Second Steering Committee of the New Economic Partnership in Africa (NEPAD), the Summit of the African Peers Mechanism and the Summit of the Alliance of the African Head of States for Combating Malaria which includes 27 African country.

The agenda of the African Summit includes reports of the African Peace and Security Council on conflicts in Africa, the situation in Darfur and implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA).

Wangari Maathai, the 2004 Nobel Peace Laureate and founding board member of the Nobel Women’s Initiative issued a call to the African leaders urging them to support "Mbeki report recommendations and provide the moral and financial support to the High Level Implementation Panel to make the recommendations a reality for the people of Sudan."

UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon will address the 14th African Union Summit on Sunday highlighting three priorities: development, climate change and elections that are expected to be held this year in Sudan, Cote d’Ivoire and Guinea.

On Sudan the Secretary-General is expected to stress that the way the international community and African leaders address the situation there will have tremendous implications for regional peace and stability.

Al-Bashir is accompanied by a high level delegation, which included Bakri Hassan Salih minister at the Sudanese presidency, Ghazi Salah Al-Deen presidential advisor, Mustafa Osman Ismail presidential advisor, Deng Alor minister of foreign affairs, Al-Zahawi Ibrahim Malik minister of Information and Communication, and other senior officials.

Sudan’s DUP denies alliance with ruling NCP in elections

(KHARTOUM) –The Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) has reportedly denied widespread speculations that he intends to run a joint ticket with the ruling National Congress Party (NCP) in the April general elections.

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Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) cheif Mohamed Osman Al-Mirghani (Al-Sharq Al-Awsat)

This month the official Egyptian Middle East News Agency (MENA) quoted DUP sources as saying that the party leader Mohamed Osman Al-Mirghani intends to endorse president Omer Hassan Al-Bashir for presidency.

Many opposition figures inside Sudan have been skeptical over the DUP party stances particularly after it skipped the Juba conference held in Juba last year. The major northern party gave conflicting reasons for boycotting the convention with others saying that Al-Mirghani is worried that the conference seeks to replace the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) he heads.

The independent Al-Sahafa daily based in Khartoum said that Al-Mirghani told his party leaders on Thursday that they should ignore any talks of bilateral alliances or concessions while stressing that they intend to soon name a candidate to run in the presidential elections.

During the meeting held in the Sudanese capital, the DUP leader underlined the importance of naming a candidate to all constituencies regardless of any other factors. He further said that he informed Bashir and First Vice President Salva Kiir that the unity of Sudan or resolving its issues would not be in Kenana or Juba but in the presidential palace where all political initiatives should stem from.

New head of Darfur hybrid mission arrives in Sudan

January 22, 2010 (KHARTOUM) – The new head of the hybrid mission and peacekeeping force in Darfur arrived to the Sudanese capital on Friday to assume his duties.

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The new head of the African Union-United Nations Mission in Darfur (UNAMID), Ibrahim Gambari (C), addresses the media, upon arrival in Khartoum on 22 January 2010. (Photoby Olivier Chassot, UNAMID)

The former Nigerian foreign minister, Ibrahim Gambari who served recently as top United Nations envoy for Myanmar, has been appointed by UN Secretary General and AU AU Chairperson last December as Joint Special Representative and head of the joint African Union-UN peacekeeping mission in Darfur (UNAMID), effective 1 January 2010.

He succeed the Congolese Rodolphe Adada who became unpopular with Western capitals towards the end of his term after declaring that the conflict in Darfur is over and degraded it to "low intensity" violence.

"The expectations are very high in terms of what my colleagues and I will be able to achieve but also the goodwill is enormous from the top level of this government and others and I intend to call upon that goodwill so that the mandate of UNAMID will be fully implemented," Ibrahim said following his arrival at Khartoum airport on Friday.

"We will do everything necessary to see to the implementation of the mandate," he stressed.

Before to travel to El-Fasher where the UNAMID headquarters are, Gambari will meet with a number of Sudanese officials in Khartoum including the President Omer Al-Bashir. Also, he will hold a series of meetings with regional authorities in the troubled Darfur.

"I look forward very much to working with all the stakeholders in this country including the media," Mr. Gambari said.

Gen. Salva Kiir should relinquish his military position - SPLM’s

January 20, 2010 (JUBA) – A senior official of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) has said that the incumbent president of southern Sudan and the party’s candidate for presidency in the South, Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit, will have to relinquish his military position in order to run for the elections.

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Gen. Salva Kiir Mayadrit, Sudan’s FVP and President of S. Sudan government

The SPLM Secretary General Pagan Amum was quoted by a local newspaper, The Juba Post, as saying that his party’s chairman will step down from being the army chief as the law requires.

Amum also added that the party’s candidate for the position of the President at the national level, Yasir Saeed Arman, will also resign from his current position as party’s Deputy Secretary General for Northern Sector and focus on the presidential campaigns.

This statement by the party’s Secretary General on Kiir’s military status came after two contradicting statements issued by the minister for presidential affairs, Luka Biong Deng.

Biong in his initial reaction to law requirement defended his boss’ position by saying Kiir would not relinquish his army position because the constitution allowed him to maintain it, but later on said that Kiir had already retired from the army since 2005.

He did not however explain the reason why Kiir continued to publicly appear in military uniform and use military title even up to 2010.

However, a military source revealed that Kiir, who was actually retired by late Dr. John Garang in 2005 at the rank of Lt. General, silently reinstated himself in the military in 2007 and promoted himself to the rank of 1st Lt. General.

He currently heads the recently formed SPLA Command Council and he is also the Commander-in-Chief of the army by the virtue of being the President of the semi-autonomous Southern Sudan.

Biong earlier criticized a letter sent to Salva Kiir from the National Elections Commission (NEC), warning that they would not accept his candidature unless he resigns from military positions.

He described the letter as “premature” because the SPLM had not yet presented Kiir’s nomination and supporting documents to the NEC.

NEC has set January 22 as the deadline to receive the nomination by Friday this week.

Anonymous voices among the government officials defend the law saying Kiir should completely retire from the army and step down from heading the military Command Council.

Officials however have conflicting views and interpretation of the Southern Sudan Interim Constitution, 2005, over whether Kiir should also relinquish his other position as the SPLA Commander-in-Chief by the virtue of being the President of Southern Sudan at least after his immediate nomination to run as presidential candidate and during the elections campaigns.

Article 111(1) of the Interim Constitution of Southern Sudan, 2005, states that the President of the Government of Southern Sudan shall be the Commander-in-Chief of the Sudan People’s Liberation Army "prior to the elections that shall be held during the interim period."

Sudan’s Bashir says he will be the first to recognize independent South

(KHARTOUM) – The Sudanese president Omer Hassan Al-Bashir declared his intention to be the first to recognize an independent South Sudan state should southerners favor this option in the 2011 referendum.

“If referendum option affirms separation, I would be the first to support and respect this decision,” Bashir told audience in Western Equatoria state capital of Yambio during his presidential speech in the fifth celebration of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA).

However, Bashir also told the crowd and dignitaries gathered in the remote southern town that his northern National Congress Party (NCP) still wanted to keep Sudan unified.

The oil-rich semi-autonomous south is set to decide on its fate next year and vote on whether it wants to secede or remain part of united Sudan. The chances for the latter appear to be slim according to most observers.

Last week, Lam Akol who heads the Sudan People Liberation Movement for Democratic Change (SPLM-DC) party warned Southerners against voting for independence saying that the SPLM controlling the South is “weak” and will not be able to control tribal conflicts and hostilities.

Bashir’s remarks will serve to pacify fears that the North will attempt to prevent the South from breaking away, a scenario that have caused fear of return to civil war.

The Sudanese First Vice President and the leader of South Sudan government (GoSS) Salva Kiir on his end thought to downplay resumption of fighting between the two sides.

South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir, speaking at the same event, played down fears that the 2011 vote would lead to a confrontation with the north.

“Let me be clear ... that even if the south decides to separate from the north in 2011, it is not going to split into the Indian Ocean or the Atlantic Ocean ... Let us prepare ourselves to embrace the outcome of the referendum peacefully,” Kiir told the crowd.

“The (River) Nile will continue to flow from south to north ... Arab nomads will continue to look for pastures and water in south Sudan and no one would think of denying those rights. Before appropriate oil infrastructure is developed in south Sudan, the oil will continue to flow south to north,” he added.

Most of Sudan’s proven oil reserves that is estimated at 6 billion barrels of oil lie in the south, but the crude is funneled north to the Red Sea, through pipelines and refineries to Port Sudan.

It was reported that South Sudan is mulling using land or railroad to export oil through Kenya but analysts say the option will be costly and inefficient.

The North and South have yet to agree on issues of border demarcation and post-referendum arrangements.

Earlier this month, the Sudanese presidential adviser Ghazi Salah Al-Deen Al-Attabani warned that the referendum law lacks a specific timeframe to agree on issues including demarcation of borders, nationality, the Nile Waters Agreement and other issues.

Al-Attabani called this situation a ‘recipe for war’ unless rectified by the NCP and SPLM.

Minister says South Sudan is an enemy of herself

By Ngor Arol Garang

January 19, 2010 (KHARTOUM) – Interior minister in the semi autonomous regional government of South Sudan, General Chier Chuang Aluong, said that Southerners are enemies of their own and urged reconciliation.

The minister has made his stern statement during a graduation of 513 police forces in Yambio, the Western Equatoria State capital.

General Gier said our enemies are not those we know but ourselves and must clean our hearts from evil deeds in order to achieve desired goals and objectives needed for South Sudan to prosper.

He was referring to statement made by SPLM broke away party headed by Lam Akol who voiced opposition to south Sudan secession from the north at a self determination referendum scheduled for January 2011, describing it suicidal attempt ever made by southern Sudanese.

The remark angered and generated heated discussions in most southern Sudanese forums with majority including members of his own break away party, warning him to stop betraying southern interest for personal survival. South Sudan is bigger than individuals, they said.

Jacob Bol, a southern Student at Juba university campus in Kodoro, east of Khartoum, said this call signifies and defines the clear intention/mission of the SPLM-DC.

"It has now revealed its real colors opposed to Southern thinking," he said, adding "if Lam who intends to run for South Sudan presidential chair can say this before being elected, so what do southerners think about fate of the South if he is elected president of the semi-autonomous region.

"Without mercy he will cancel the CPA making it possible for north to secure unity of the country after having displaced and lost millions of our people. Let them make no such mistake to betray interest of the rural poor majority," he warned

Earlier, General Gier Chuang said "we took up arms and fought against nothing than injustices, social segregation based on identities and rights to bring desperately needed changes not only in South Sudan but to all marginalized areas in the country."

The SPLM vision and mission were to bring liberty, equality and unification of all Sudanese without subjugation or coercion related to how their affairs should be managed, he further said.

In a speech to hundreds of attendees including 513 graduates, General Gier, who was speaking on behave of the President of South Sudan Salva Kiir Mayardit, said happy to attend graduation of composite huge number of committed young policemen and women at one occasion.

This signals your determinations to defend this beautiful land with professional skills and internationally acceptable knowledge in levels of courses you underwent during training, he said.

He also acknowledged efforts being exerted by incumbent Western Equatoria state governor Jemma Nunu Kumba in implementing developmental projects.

SPLM recognizes her achievements since taking office a year and half ago and so will not hesitate congratulating her having not been arrested by the police or impeached by the state legislative Assembly for embezzling government funds, he said.

Notwithstanding financial difficulties the regional government continues to face, she has meticulously and appropriately made use of meager resources located to her by GOSS, he added.

Her achievements bear witness to these enormous developmental efforts we can see today, he said adding her successes challenge her counterpart male governors in other states being a woman representing their share of 25%.

Undersecretary of Ministry of Foreign Affairs Meets Ambassador of China

Khartoum, Jan. 19 (SUNA)- The Undersecretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Dr. Mutrif Siddiq, has expressed Sudan appreciation of the great role of China in boosting the stability and development in Sudan. During his meeting Tuesday in his office at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs with the Ambassador of China to Sudan, Dr. Siddiq also lauded the constructive role of China in supporting the elections in Sudan. Sudan and China asserted their keenness to consolidate further the economic, trade and political relations between them and to boost the economic partnership between them. Meanwhile, the Ambassador of China to Sudan appreciated the rapid progress of the Sudanese - Chinese relations, affirming the directives of the Chinese leadership for support to China cooperation with Sudan in all fields. He said that the coming stage will witness more cooperation between Sudan and China.

Dr Mustafa Osman arrives to Ghana, conveys a message to President John Mills

Accra, Jan 19 (SUNA) - The Advisor of the President of the Republic, Dr Mustafa Osman Ismail, arrived in Accra, Ghana, carrying a message from the President of the Republic field Marshal Omar Al Bashir, to his Ghanian counterpart, Professor John Mills dealing with the bilateral relations that have recently witnessed a notable progress after the elections of John Mills in January last year


Dr Mustafa called on the President of Ghana and conveyed to him a message from the president of the Republic and the congratulations of the Sudanese people and leadership to the Ghanian people whose troops are currently taking part in the United Nations Mission in Darfur troops


Dr Mustafa Osman briefed the Ghanian president on the current situation in the Sudan, pointing to the improvement of the situation in Darfur which is currently enjoying stability and calm


The Ghanian president has commended the positive developments in the Sudan and the upcoming elections which will be held in April this year. He also conveyed his readiness to visit the Sudan shortly


Dr Mustafa Osman had early met with the Ghanian Minister for Foreign Affairs Mohamed Mummin


Mummin had visited the Sudan last year and paid a field visit to Darfur region

Arab League to meet in Darfur

 (KHARTOUM) – Ambassadors from the Arab League Council will head to Darfur for a rare meeting outside Cairo aimed at showing Arab support to the restive region of Darfur where government militias killed 300, 000 civilians.

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Arab League Secretary-General Amr Mussa (AFP)

The Arab League Secretary General Amr Moussa will visit Darfur on February 12 to inaugurate a number of humanitarian projects in North Darfur state. Initially the visit had been scheduled to take place on January 20.

Moussa will take part in the opening of three hospitals and three villages in the three states of Darfur that have been implemented and financed within the Arab support for stability in Darfur.

Delegates at Arab League Council will hold a meeting in one of the states of Darfur to emphasis Arab support to Darfur civilians, especially in promoting the voluntary return of displaced persons, stressing that the council would provide basic services and rebuilding villages platform for stability, said Arab League’s envoy for Sudan, Salah Halima.

He said the visit of the Arab League representatives is expected to include meetings at both the popular and official levels to hear the point of view and demands of Darfur people. The visits also aim to identify the latest humanitarian and security developments on the ground.

The Arab League pledged since 2007 to contribute to Darfur development and rehabilitation and collected some 250 million US dollars; also some Arab states took in charge directly the construction of some projects.

Most of atrocities, war crimes and crimes against humanity since 2003 were committed by Arab tribes in the region with the support of the Sudanese government. The humanitarian tragedy in Darfur raised the concern of the international community which provided the needed humanitarian assistance in Darfur.

The Arab countries were blamed for their indifference toward the cause of the Darfur and their unconditional support to the President Omer Al-Bashir.

Arab League will participate in the consultative meetings of donors to be held on April 18 in Doha, which includes the European Union, the United States, Japan, the African Union, and the Arab League as well as representatives of some international organizations in order to identify the role of these actors to support and promote the peace process in Darfur, Ambassador Halima said. Pointing out that the League will follow closely consultations between civil society and Darfur rebel movements and the talks between the government and the rebels.

Sudan electoral board warns Salva Kiir to resign from his military position

(JUBA) – The Sudan’s National Elections Commission (NEC) has sent a warning letter to the semi-autonomous Southern Sudan President and the region’s presidential candidate, General Salva Kiir Mayardit, to relinquish his military post in order to qualify to run for the upcoming April 2010 elections.

The Electoral Law requires that all aspirants who serve in the military, civil service or are judges and want to contest for political positions in the elections should first resign from such jobs.

The SPLM Political Bureau on Friday formally nominated the incumbent chairman, Salva Kiir, without any challenger, as the candidate for the Southern Sudan presidency position.

The warning by NEC came immediately after the nomination of General Kiir who is also the interim First Vice President of the Republic of Sudan.

The Chairman of the Registration Committee in the National Elections Commission, Mukhtar Al Asam, said the Commission had already sent a written letter to the Southern Sudan President, Salva Kiir Mayardit, explaining that he cannot be eligible to run for the elections while still holding his military position.

Speaking during a radio program on Friday, Al Asam said that the rule applies to all military personnel without any exception.

Kiir is currently an active army General in the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) and heads the recently formed military Command Council, composed of more than 40 senior SPLA officers, and he is also the Commander-in-Chief of the army by the virtue of being the President of the Government of Southern Sudan (GoSS).

Earlier, the Presidential Affairs minister Dr. Luka Biong Deng who is a close aide to Southern Sudan president ruled out any possibility of General Kiir stepping down from the army after nomination.

However, the Deputy Secretary General of the SPLM and the party’s newly nominated presidential candidate at the national level, Yassir Arman, revealed on Saturday that the SPLM had already formed committees to study all the legal and procedural disputes of the elections.

In another related development, the SPLM Secretary General, Pagan Amum, said the movement’s Political Bureau also discussed the possibility of forming alliances with some parties in Northern and Southern Sudan for the upcoming elections.

Speaking during a press conference in Juba on Friday, Amum also pointed out that the SPLM Political Bureau would soon announce the party’s candidates running for the executive and legislative posts across the country.

NEC has set January 22, as the deadline for receiving the names of selected candidates.

The Commission will directly receive the name of the SPLM candidate for the post of the President of the Republic while the candidate for Southern Sudan president will first pass through the Southern Sudan High Elections Committee in Juba before submitting it to the NEC headquarters in Khartoum.

NEC is a national legal body established by law in 2008 in accordance with the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) and the Interim Constitution of Sudan, 2005.

It is charged with the responsibility to process and oversee the conduct of the post-war general elections during the interim period and has established branches at Southern Sudan and states levels.

Chad and Sudan to deploy border patrols next month

January 16, 2010 (NDJAMENA) — Chad and Sudan agreed to deploy next month a joint force to patrol the troubled border between the two countries, says a joint statement released in the Chadian capital on Friday.

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This picture taken on June 18, 2008 in Am Zoer shows Chadian soldiers pose on a vehicle. (AFP)

Khartoum and Ndjamena agreed recently following a visit by the Chadian foreign minister to the Sudanese capital last December to set up a joint technical committee to implement agreements signed between the two neighbors in the past years.

The joint military and security committee which was meeting in the Chadian capital since January 7 had initially to manage the deployment of the troops within two week.

The timetable was agreed by both parties under a Memorandum of Understanding "on the concrete steps to normalize relations between Chad and Sudan," according to the joint statement.

"The manning of the outposts and securing of the border of two countries" should be effective "from 15 to 20 February 2010, while there will be held a" meeting of the Joint Committee on military and security ", according to the text.

On the Chadian side, an observation post is to be established in Abeche, eastern Chad, while from the Sudanese side, it will be installed in El-Geneina, the capital of west Darfur.

Chad and Sudan "were given a period of two months each to take the steps necessary to put an end to any presence, any support and any action by armed groups in one country or another" , said a diplomat who requested anonymity.

The Chadian President recently demanded the Sudanese government to disarm the Chadian rebels and to remove them from Darfur. He also urged to expel the leadership of the rebel groups from Sudan.

The normalization process takes place after several years of mistrust and bitterness between the two governments. It is seen as necessary step to settle the seven year conflict in Darfur region where some 300.00 people killed and some 2.7 other displaced.

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